The goal of emitting 756 million tonnes of CO2 was exceeded by 5 million tons last year, according to calculations by Agora Energiewende.
L’Germany, Europe’s leading industrial nation, has again missed its 2022 greenhouse gas emissions reduction target after having to consume more fossil fuels to compensate for Russian gas withdrawals, according to a study published on Wednesday. Germany’s greenhouse gas emissions reached around 761 million tonnes of CO last year2or substantially as much as in 2021, according to calculations by the Agora Energiewende expert group.
The goal of emitting 756 million tonnes of CO2, registered in the German Climate Protection Act, “has thus been exceeded by five million tons”, explains a press release from this reference organization. In other words, these emissions have fallen by almost 39% compared to 1990, but the country is still far from the goal of reducing them by 65% by 2030. In order to reach the goals that have been set, Germany must therefore accelerate development considerably. of renewable energies: according to calculations by Agora Energiewende, the construction pace of solar installations should more than double, the pace of onshore wind turbines more than triple and offshore wind farms more than triple.
The balance is weighed down by the transport and construction sectors
In 2022, energy consumption fell 4.7% year-over-year, partly due to massive increases in natural gas and electricity prices linked to the Russian war in Ukraine and mild weather. However, the increased use of coal and oil to generate electricity, replacing Russian gas whose supplies have stopped, has increased emissions of pollutants.
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The transport and construction sector’s record is one of the worst, missing the reduction target as of 2021, while industry achieved it thanks to efficiency measures and reductions in production. “By 2023, the government must reverse the trend: less fossil fuels and more and more renewable energy,” says Simon Müller, Germany director at Agora Energiewende.
By 2022, 46% of electricity was produced from renewable energy, a record according to the study. Berlin wants to increase this share to 80% by 2030. Olaf Scholz’s government has passed major legislative changes to ease the rules allowing the installation of wind turbines and solar panels. Thus, 2% of the total area of the national territory will be allocated to wind power, and the regions will be forced to make more areas available in the coming years.